(1) NASS defines the following: "Open discectomy" done through "an approximately one-inch incision" is the most common surgical treatment for ruptured or herniated discs of the lumbar spine.
(2) Mayo Clinic, Dr. Gordon Deen says:
(3) Discovery Health says: "None of the most recognized health authorities in the United States, or elsewhere, endorse laser spine surgery."
(4) Bloomberg News says: "Results of laser spine surgery are not as advertised. The number of malpractice suits is higher than expected for the volume of work."
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